.

- . - . 15. -

. 1. - 2016. - URL:

http://www.smolensk.ru/user/sgma/MMORPH/TITL.HTM

http://www.smolensk.ru/user/sgma/MMORPH/N-49-html/TITL-49.htm

http://www.smolensk.ru/user/sgma/MMORPH/N-49-html/cont.htm

 

621.386.832

 

2016 . . .

 

(gorbunov.docx)

 

, , : , , . , . , . , , , . - 69 , 15 , 9

: , , , .

 

 

Ņ.3

1. 5

1.1. ..5

1.2. yopece ooepo..9

1.3. eee eo aaa..15

1.4. yee yopoopo.19

2. MEOA OPAO OEOOEOO MAEPAA...21

2.1. Oa opa o oeooe aepaa...21

2.2. aop ee pe, oeye a oeooee aepa.22

2.3. Mepaa o ooe ea poea26

2.3. Opaoa oeooe opao.27

3. EOAHE MHEEH YAHHH OH O.32

3.1. epee pop..32

3.2. Meoa ee.36

3.3. eya ee37

3.4. Maeaea oaoa oye eyao42

4. OHOMEA A ..47

4.1. eeoo eoa47

4.2. ay eeoo..48

5. EOAHO OOHO PAO.52

5.1. Aa aopo oe ypaoeooo, oo papaoo ye a eoea...52

AEHE.60

63

.68

.69

 

 

, : , , , , . , , .

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1)                         , , ;

2)                         -02-;

3)                         ;

4)                         , , ;

5)                         .


1.               

 

1.1.

 

, , , [1].

, ; , ; , . ; , , , , .

( , ) 6070 % , ( I) 3040 %. , . , ; (. ), () .

:

1)                50%;

2)                15,75%;

3)                21,85%;

4)                12,40%.

ee cye c c eec ceec cy eec . ec cc c:

1)                ocooca ec 51,04%;

2)                oaece eeca 33,30%;

3)                yeca ec 11,30%;

4)                oc a 2,00%;

5)                ocooca ae 1,16%;

6)                yec oc a 1,20%.

Occe ocoo eeca oaae cocooc ooece o oece yaoeooo ye, ceae eo eaya aoo, ea ooece, ae ec ae a oae ooo oeca eoaec ae, o ce o aaoo aeaa. Ec oc oey ec acoa co (coo, aoo .), o co ec acoc, a oaecoe eeco ocaec coae oy oc, yy, oao, ac. Ec e oc oey oa, o oaecoe eeco coae, a eoaecoe ocaec, ae coa oy oc ee eoc, o yy o eca y. Ceoaeo, acoc oc ac o occea, a eoc ee o ea coe. Coeae eoaec oaec eec o oc ae e eoc yyoc [1].

o ocoecoy coe ocoe eeco ecae oco coeeo a ( oo cce coa), ocy a, aaee a ooo: oe, oaoe ea co oocoe eeooe eeco eae, cae ooce ooca, e [2].

Ocoy oc coca oaeoe ooa, oyee caa ocaaa, ooe caac ac. ac oco eece ac acoaac oeec co oy aec aao (aeco aa), ac ea ey ccea, ac oaa ee y yc o oeoc oc. aeco aa coea c oya eo oeec oc aca caec cyyo ee oaoo eeca oc oceoo.

 

 


c.1.1. Mocoeca cyya oc: 1 oceo, 2 aeco aa, 3 oceo.

 

aaeo oeoc aco acooe co ae eooa yco, ooac oocee oe aa o a aaee oce ea, oo aoc oce e, ae ooc aa. aa oc ee coec ey coo c ooc aeco aao, ye ooc aoce, a oao c oca a oaaec oao eeo cceo aoe ea ooca ooce aae, o oo oa eooe oc aee eeca. o aeco aaa oo oe oeoce cocy (oo ae ea); cea aecoa aaa aya oeoc oeoc cocyo oye o coe oe, a oey ey cya aec y oc. yaoe ocoe eeco e ee aeco aao [1].

Cpyypo ee oc, o yy p ao yee pocoa, ec oceo, .e. ccea oc aco, oepec pacooe opy epaoo aaa, coepaeo cocy ep. Oceo e pea py pyy oy, a poey ey aoe epca oc aca. Oceo pacoaac e ecopoo, a cooeceo yoao apye a oc: pya oc apaeo y oc, ya epeypo epao oc, oc oc apaeo oepoc. ece c epca aca oceo opay ocoo cpe co ocoo eeca, op yp (co copo ooca) ype coe oc aco, a capy (co copo epoca) apy coe opya aco. oce poa poeoc cocya, y aoc ocoe eeco oco  pooa aa.  oceoo coco oee pye ee oc, e ye eoopye ao a pace a peeopae, epea ocoo eeca, paey [2].

paey caaec ooo poa ocoe eeco: ec paey ea oo, o oyaec ooe oaoe eeco. Ec paey ea po, opay ey coo oce e aooe y, o oyaec yaoe, paeypoe eeco. Pacpeeee oaoo yaoo eeca ac o yoa yco oc. oaoe eeco aoc e oc e ac , oope o peyeceo y oop (co) e (pa), apep aa pya oce.

p epaa poco paoee opaecoo ooea oc aeee pocaaa aao co e eao. a a o poecc poco p yac capo aep, occpoa oc oy aaac ooece aepa aepaoo pocoe.

 

 

Pc.1.2. Cpoee epeo oc: 1 oceo (aepcoa ccea), 2 oaoe eeco, 3 yaoe eeco, 4 oc o, 5 poeoce cocy, 6 epaa ocoooa ooc, 7 yaoe eeco, 8 ooa oc

 

oae ooc yopece ea 2 a. Eo cocooc yopce opeeec ae cpyype apoaec aoco: poa eaaa.

 

1.2. yopece ooepo

 

Cocoe yopecpoa ao, oey oeype oec aa yopoopa, yopopoa. oa yopopoa aa ce yopecpy oey, a yopoopa oo yopecpye ooe pyo oey. Ceye oe, o cceoaeco pae oaeo pcoee apooeye yopecpy ooe po aa yopeceo eo, a coo yopoop oo. peee poco yopoop paoo ey yopece pace. Haoe, yopoop, coyee ooec cceoa, eoope aop ca aa ocecopa. ooo ca oey ooec eec oe c ppo, ecece, yopoopa [3].

Cocooc oco a, a eo oaea e, ooyopece ooe c oo apocoecoo yopece aaa opee cee poooecoo paoe (occa) ocoo aepaa.

oae o ocoo cpyyp poe opaa, oop coco pe poeo eoe, oope coec e poo cpa. a yaa cpyypa eae oae poee ca. pepo 33 % poeo ee o oae. o poe oepae a opa coee cpyyp c oc. oca a coea c opeee epaa (a, ocop) a e coco oaea [4].

oae pae ey po oecee cpyypo oep opya eo, oopa ooae copa opy eo epea, a e a cae py ypo eoe o. oeopaa oaeoa ce cae e oeceae oepay cpey, oopo e paac yopy, a a oc cpacac.

Moeya oaea pecae coo paoapyey cpa p αee. aoe opaoae eco o aae poooae. O o cpa αe coep p aoco ocaa. Moeypa acca oaea ooo 300 a, a 300 , oa 1,5 [3].

epo cpyyp ea apaepo cooe coepae a, oe coepae cepocoepa aoco ocyce poaa. oae oocc e eo ea ooo pocoe, oope coepa oca ecaap aoco: ooo 21 % o oeo ca ocao poc a 3pocpo, 4pocpo 5poc. aa αee coco pa aoco. paa pe aocoa cea , opa po , epa a pya aocoa, poe p epece [4].

poooae (pyype e oaea) oao oe, ppe py pyy ee a opeeeoe paoe oa, opay eeoo eee oee pye pyyp. pp oaea oey ee ooeo py pya pepo a 67 (ea, oopa ooaae yo D ee ao o oo paa eea). eo a D-epo oep epe e a o oey oaea. ea 300 , oeea a 67 (300:67) e a eoo a a oey oaea paeea a eooe o ee ope D, eoaeo, papee aoo oopa Depoa pop e a, ooa oey aaea epepe, a, ooa epe oey pap. poooae oy e oooa eyoy eoeyoy ( oepeo papee) opy, ao oa epep papa [2].

yp poooaeo yeye oaea ey e, a ae eoopoe eoooe oeo a e ey a poooaeo pa, opay opoo opaoae pyyp (apep, p). oee oe y p oppy oo eo eo py ao, a pye oaeo, opoe, poeoa, oy oppoa pa o ae pa oa o e e oo eo. Hepaopo oaea a pee ye ooepa oaea, o oo oea a o oapyeo, o ooo e poooae oooo ooo, ooy o ee e opaoa e py yea p. oe op oe a yeo oa oo, a pyypa oaea e a ey ea eeo eeo, a a e o pe poa peeepa, a o e o pe poaoo pa p aoo.

oaeoa pa o oypaea pyypa ea oaea. oaeoe ooa o y p.

e oaea poo ooo oe ae oaoe ae opee ae oaea oa o eo pyyp.

epaa epepaoa apoo, opeeoo oaea e opo, eee poeo, oop oye oa poeo paeo, eoo oa o eo pyyp, apep, poee ae. opao ypo oaea yea a e pao yee epaa.

p epaa (oa) poo paoee opaeoo ooea o aeee poaaa aao o eao. a a o poe poo p ya apopo aep, opoa o oy aaa ooee aepa aepaoo pooe.

oae oo yopee ea II aa. Eo ooo yopee opeee ae pyype apoae aoo: poa eaaa. eaypa yopee eo ea opooae oepe ooo yopee. p oee ypaoeoo ao, ya o, oop opae opa pyypa oaea, yopepy pooy eo, peo opay a ypo opao opoao o, a epae eea, a ooeoy paooeoy yopee [3].

yopee oa eo ae epy oepe poao oaa, oe oa oop yao yee oe yopoop. o, poa pooe oe ye opo paope oepe a o, a ee aoe paopee, aoap ey ep ya poao oao oe opaa opo aeo opye. Ha ep ya eo ae ypao, pea aoa eaypa [4].

ea aa yopee eo apye a oe aopo, oope a yopee oo oae, a ae oe eo eo pa poao oao. a a a oao ao pao opye, o epae oa aoo oaa oe yae paa. ya e oao epepa o e oyeo aaoe o, ooo oo pae epae a aoo oopoaoo ee. poe oo, ep ya ea aya eo yopee ooo o, a o aeo ae oooo poaa eo, oepa ee poao oao. Hapep, oa eo ee poao oao e aae eeoo pee aya yopee. o o pe e poo eppepoa oooeay ey aya epa oee ya oao oopoao ea [3].

e oepa p aoo oaa, oope oy aa a ypaoeoy yopee: po (Tyr), poa (Trp) eaa (Phe). ep ooe aoo pee a p.1.3. yopee eo oo oyae aye ooe p 280 o a o. eoaeo, eaa e oyae oe epea yae. oee oo, ao o eaaa ea a, a o yae oo oaa aae peo.

poa aoee eo yopepya aooa ea. Ooo 90% e yopee eo oo oyoeo poao oaa. o ppo yopoop pae yee opo opyae pe. epae ao ee eo e, pe oop oo e ae ao, aoa eo-eo eaypa. poe oo, ay ya eo opaa pe oyo poao oao oo ae. e ooa e 280 , a ay epo yopee ea oa 320350 . peea aya yopee poao oao ea aaoe 1-6 .

po eo yopepye paope, oao ea eo yopee aeo aee. eaypa eo oo yae yae poa [4].

ooee eo p 283 ao poo poao oaa. p a o > 295 ooae a opao poa. ooy peoaae, o eo yopee oe eeo oyea aaoe 295305-, o o oaao epeao.. yopeee ep ya apoae aoo pee a p.1.4. yae poa oe poo p 303 paeo eyeo opo paope. May ya poaa oe ao p 348 o a o opo.

 

P.1.3. ep ooe apoae aoo

ao oe, o pooe oa oy peepea oa oyeo oo, a opao poa pya oe opoa eee pee oyeoo oo, o po ye yopee poa. Paee oaa, o poa e yopepye, o o, o o ao yopepye p 345 [6].

 

P.1.4. yopeee ep ya apoae aoo

o o ya ae eo ypaa py apooeya po y epe ya. Hapep, ay ya oa ae o 340 o 331 p a ypaa p-H-ae-o-oaa. o eppepy papoae poao oao ao epe o o. oo a ypao ae ee epa oa poaa oy po ae pye aop, o e aoaoa eo ae eo epaa [3].

 

1.3. eee eo aaa

 

ee aa ooyo eoo aaa, ooa a ae ee. oye ee eye oe oepae e ypaoeooo ea. Haee ee poo eo oee yao p oo ea popo (opoepo) [7].

aee ee aa ooa a pa ea ee, pooo eea pao eo ppo; oee ee aa a epe eo ee p oo opoepo ye pepa epo ee ea epopaa [5].

O aoee e ooe eoo opo oeoaa e e yopee eo. yopee o yae, pooee p opae apeoo epoa a oee y opa. ep ya eea peae oo ao eo ya o o p poao e o oye ea.

Meo eoa yopee ope ee oaa oo yeo, a ae yo pee aaoo, a a yae yopee poo epe 10-9 (10 ) oe ooe ea. a o pe poo oeo pa oeyp poeo, oope a epae apaep yopepyeo oee. aoee pe oa pop, ooe ep yopee 10-18 oa o ee a pe ooo 10-5 , o aoo peoo yeo poee ae a ye eoo, a paooo yoepe. poe oo, eoae yopee ooe oy opa o oo e, e opea , e peye ooo oea ooeoo aepaa. e ae peyea, yopeee eo oo poo ooo pe oe aa eo ao, ooeoo opo o-eoo aaa e pe pe e oe eoa.

Moe oey ooe ee ppo eee yopoopa, . e. eea, oo yopepoa opeeeo aaoe o p ooey yo oye, apep e. Yaoeo, o yopepoa ea oo oo apoaee aoo, oaae eo ope o e. Oo yopepy ooeo e poa, oop oyoae ooo 90% e eoo yopee. ep yopee poaa oo paope peae oo poy epyypy ooy ayo p 348 oypo 60 , a eo opa ooee aya opee peyeeo o oo oey. poaoepae e ooa e 280 , a ep yopee y opooooy opoy o pae o epa poaa oe. ooeeo ae ayo oy e o 343 (opoo ay) o 308 (ayp). Ooo po oo e ae poeo opeaooo aoe, p oop ooee epa opeee opo eo poopye pooopa. aya opooooy oa apaepe aoopoo opye, oooy opoo. May ya eo opaa pe oyo poao oao oo ae. Heoopoe e a ooee epo oaae oeoopaoae opya oee. epae ao ee a ao, aoa eo-eo eaypa. oopaoo-ye oaa pye apaep yopee poa-oepa eo: ao o, eo oyeoo oo, ee opa [3].

yopee eo, e oepa oao poaa, o e oe oae eaa po, oyoea oo oaa poa, oop ae e ppo yopoopo ee ay epa yopee p 303304 , a eo eo a opo e, e y poaa. Ha ooe aya yopee poa, oe o poaa, e aa oopaoe epepo apooey. po eo yopepye paope p eaypa eo, opa ooee aya. Eo ee oa ea opooae eo ye yopee aee aooo oa. eee eaaa oo aa oo y e eo eo, oope e oepa py apoae aoo poaa poa (apep, peay p, eaoype oa, pooa eo). ep yopee eaaa ee ay p 282 , eo ao o ee a opo e, e y poa.

Ho e oa ea o e p aoo, o epe yopee poe oo o poao ay. ae opooo aye eoea, oepae 17 oao poa oo o oao poaa, eee poa poe e ea a opooooo oe oo yopee poaa. Oaae, o aea o ep oye, oyea poo oaa, oe ppoa a poa ea aee poaooo ooea [7].

ppo yopoopa oo ae yeoe o, oepe a, poy oe e. p o yo oe paop yopepy ao, ao oo. Hapep, paopo yeo o eee yae o pee. ooee aya yopee pao pa ee, apep H oae 358 oaae ayo yaa. Yeee eo yopee ooa yeo o poo ae p o eepaype. pepo ee oepeo ao oe y yopee pyeoo oaaeyeoa oaoeo ope ( oo paope ee ay p 470 ) aa A (ay yopee p 510 aoe) [8].

Mapooe yopee aa ooe opee ee poooeoo paoe (oa) ooo aepaa. Meo ooa a ooo oaea ooyopee.

p epaa (oa) poo paoee opaeoo ooea o aeee poaaa aao o eao. a a o poe poo p ya apopo aep, opoa o oy aaa ooee aepa aepaoo pooe.

oae oo yopee ea II aa. Eo ooo yopee opeee ae pyype apoae aoo: poa eaaa. eaypa yopee eo ea opooae oepe ooo yopee [3].

p oee ypaoeoo ao, ya o, oop opae opa pyypa oaea, yopepy po-oy eo, peo opay a ypo opao opoao o, a epae eea, a o-oeoy pao-oeoy yopee.

ooo oaea ypaoeoo yopee ooe opopoa poe epaa eeoo aepaa, ya o poe ae oe eee eoa [9].

 

1.4. yee yopoopo

yee yopee aa e poe, oope yea eo yopee aoo eea. ye oe po oeo poeo, o e pea oyeo oo, epeo ep, opaoae oeo yee p ooe.

e eoo o ye: aeoe, aeoe, ayee. aeoe yee ao o ya ooe ey yopoopo yee, ae oo aae yee p ooe. aeoe yee ao opaoae oea. aeoe yee ao e oo aopo aae aeoo ye [3].

yee yopee poo yeo a eopeeo aee, a poe yopee oe poea, pe poe a o oa poea ye. ye ( aeoo, aeoo) peye oa ey oeya yopoopa ye. yae aeoo ye ye oe ypoa yopoopy eee pee aoe oyeo oo. peyae oaa yopoop opaae oooe ooe e ye ooa. yae aeoo ye ey yopoopo yee opaye oe, oop e yopepye. o yae, o pooo yee, yopoop ye o oapoa. o oooe peoae, oopoe poe pa poe ye.

o: oa a peae oo oo aepa, oo opae eopae oee. a oee oo epoa p oye yee e ypaoeoo e o aaoe. ee oyoea ae aoo oao, o peee peepea eaypa epaea.

ee aa ooe poo aeee oeee eoa pyyp oeooe aepao e oaa papyaeo oe a opa. p poee oeeoo eeoo aaa eye ya aeo yo pae opao, a a ape aa, oepae a eyeo oepo opaa, a epae apaep.

poee eoopa epe eye papaoa eoy ooo opao eeoy aay, yay aeo eaeo opao, yo pae paoppo opao.


2. MEOA OPAO OEOOEOO MAEPAA

 

2.1. Oa opa o oeooe aepaa

 

Oeoo pae aao, ya poee, pae ee ooo eea. Oeoo apooo yae apa paepo op eoeeoo eea eo, a ae oe eo oe [10].

Oeooe aepa oep eeey opa, oopa p opeeo ypoe pa ee oe opeoaa pa ay a: apeoo, opea apooo, oo. ao ye paa opa, oepae eee aepa, opee eo oe opaa, ee opao aepaa. aoee pe oye oeo eoo eoa oeooeoo aepaa, o e e eo oy a eae peya; eoope eoo oaa papya oee.

ye pyyp ooe oeo, o oeooee oa, oo oo eo ooeeoo aaa, e oaae papye oee ooe poo aeey peapa opao [11].

o ope e ooopae oe eea paee a epe py: e pyae, yae, oe eae o. Heoaoa po oe eee oyaae pa ypee poe.

pyae o oa ae oee eee yo peo pee a - aa, ea o. a oo oaoo eea, opyaeo ype ooooy oo, oepay e o o. Paa e opoe pyae o: o oo o ea, pee, epa oe, a opo - aa ae, a ae o . a pya oe oe opo oaae o, oop aoe ya eeo, oepa pa o o. Mey oo a pae eao.

yae o, ooe yaoo eea, ae pae a e opoe. ya o oo o pyo e - pepa pya, a opo - oo, o a, pe, a ae eaoe o (paooee yo po yaa). O pya oe yae oa oye ooooo oo; apy yae o op o oe oaoo eea.

o o oo o oa, aoa o, o p epea. oe o o poe o ya (ae oo yaoo eea, apy opoo oa eeo) oa o oe opo.

oo epee, eee e eae o, oope oo ae, pa o o y, ope pooe. eae o pea pe oe ooa epea. o, a opa oo opaa oo eo ae, aee oop e oa [2].

 

2.2. aop ee pe, oeye a oeooee aepa

 

o opee ao ep pe aoe ee o o oaa e ee XIX ., oa epaype o eoope ee o aoe oe ee. oa ye o eo, o o oy opa eoeo oo ao o yo pe pea [12].

o e pe ooo oe a poe oe o e ( ao o yo pea) opa o opy, paep eoope pye aaoee eaee oa e oaae oy a e ee, eo e p oo oope, a ype pyyp eoo oaa oo a, oapyae ea eoa eoa.

pe aye ee, ee paeo ooo e ao eopeeo ao o yo opee ( pea) pya eoea eo eea. e o yae p opeee ao aye ep.

peyae oe a e a pya eoea ooe paoopa yo ypee ee pe o oo ea (eepoae), a (ya), oepa oe (aoa opaoae pooa). Oao aeo e ea pye ee ae oepa oo ao-o oo epee pepae. Hepeo apy pepaee ae poo oo aa oo eepoae oee a pya. oooe, o-oy, oo aa p poee ya.

Yaoee ao aye ep o o oaa eo ao o poa eepoa. oee o oepe a o eoo pa yo, oo a eopeeo oo opaa eoea oey eo ep, a yo opyae py pe.

epo aeop oo opa eoea, apaep eo aoea, pa ep, eo oo, ee pao ooo-pooo o eoope pye [6].

o opo pe oa aye ep, a, aopoe (pea) ee, oe, a opo oye; o (epoe, eo, yo), opooee o-ee oa ee (oo, ao, eepaypa); ya aopoe, oo aopoe ( poy, e poa, oee, e oe, oooe aooe) p.

ao, aeo e o epee aopo, a ee a opo paaa ae, , eoaeo, a opo aye eepoa. p yae oe ao ey o ooe opaa oey ep eoea oeye poo poea eepoa. Peaa oyoeo aoo (opa, eo aoea, p ep, p.) a oepe ee opoy yope aee oea. aao p opo aeop oee ope paoopae, po eepoa pya appy o pee epaa, o, a pao, ao oe opaee a oo ee pya [12].

oo oaaee oe ao pea o oao ee oapye (o e ea ooeye poy aye ep) oo: ooe yaoo eea apyo oao a oe; ooe oaoo o, e oe, e, eee eoo oaa pooeo pyyp oo a.

eepoae pyo po, aopoe opy (ay) oy poo epe 35 e; eee poaeo oe o po ye o 10 oe e. p a a o aeoo oea ae pe po aopoe e oe 510 e. p oo oy ae, ae y oao pe opaee poa oe po e oee 1015 e. p paoepo yeo oo pya oe po opee 2530 e. o e pe ooo oe a poe oe o e ( ao o yo pea) opa o opy, paep eoope pye aaoee eaee oa e oaae oy a e ee, eo e p oo oope, a ype pyyp eoo oaa oo a, oapyae ea eoa eoa. E o epe, o oe, eo poae, epooae, ope o o ao ee 100 oee e.

p aopoe oepo o eepoae poo aeo po. eoy papye ae oo ya ooy: aa, oy, poopa, aee oepoe o e, a ae ee op yapo epee.

Ha ya oa pya oe oa o oe oyoa. oe o oao, ao eoe pe a oepo e, oa o pya oe, aopoe, o, e ee; o epe, pee, e oa e eo , a pao, oopooo a e oepo eo-epoo, oa pooa oeo ea [6].

aoe ooe oe ee eee oo o oaa pe opee, paooe yo eao oe. Oao ae aaee oe yae oee pa oeo pe ypao, a peo paee opoo, pyo, e e oo oye e ope pae eee oep, oa o oe, poea oepo o eao o 35 e.

ee oo a pa ooe aee e poea, poo ey oo o oaa. o poee pa yae opaee o o eopaee eea oopoe yee o e p. peyae oeo o eeo o yeae, py yeae [1].

a, apep, eoope epaope oee, a opao oee a, epeo oee paope, oope a opyay e. oo oo o a oy pae. Oee epeo oy a apaa, a, pe eea eooo aoyyoo ooo epoea, a pe apoaoo aoyyoo epoea, oaeo o oepae eeo. o e poeo oo e oe oae, oepo eae aoo, epooao, opo; o popea oo oeeo papya. oa, aoopo, o opa o peey oy a aee. peyae e oe oae, o ao o, pe, opoeo e oe opaae. pooeo pee ooo papye oe oee oe o peea, ooy opeeee pee, poeeo oe ep o o oaa, oe eao oe o epaa [12].

 

2.3. Mepaa o ooe ea poea

 

a epaa o:

1. Opaoae opaeo ap

2. Mepaa opaeo ap

3. opa epaa o (aa e oo oppoae pae).

E oa eop oo eye: ap ypa ao oo peee eo ae oa oo. paa poo a opaeo ape. yeye ooo yao oepaa opaoae apoe pao ae po a eoo ape.

ae o pay opaye pooaa (o ea epoo oo, o aaa opaye ooaeoa.)

Moe oepaa. oa oee oepaa ea a ee peae o poea opaoa pao apepoa a opee yo. pep oee ooa a ey poea:

1. Mepaoypooe oaee

2. Oaee paopo oeye paae

3. Oaee po pao o oee opae .

Ha ae paopee epaoypooo oae. o ea pae opoy po oppoa eopae p ee invivo. o poe oepoa p oae ee oo epa ypa aepo ~ 30 . e aoo oepoa o opeeee oooe epaoypoo epaa ooo opo poeo. pae aepa oyaee a opao oy pao oa o oye o oaee paope. ee oea eeppyee pooa ypo epeooea, eee pyype oa aepaa.

yp epao oa oa oo oy, oya ypayo oy ep a ooo o epeoa eo. E paop eaa o poee, o o eaa yy ao yp ypo. eep ypa oo poo poe oepaa p ooa a epeopoae /oo a H2S, OH, pye. Moo ae e epay oopooe aa.o poee pea oo oo poo ae oao a ooo yea a oaoaa a opaeo oe. p poee oae paopa opa eea(III) paope opaoa oe (γFeOOH), a ypa opaoa epyae Fe2O, eppp. pa o ooo ee opoe epaa poyae o opeeo opo, o ae oy po o ooa apa.

ooe ae poe oepaa ooa a paope aoo epe ooy epay. Ho oo paopa e oo ooop. poee oe ea paoopa. ae eo eeoo paopa aoo 2 py oy pay p [3].

Opo peyeo ypoo oepaa e ooo pey pH paopa a ypa a opyae pee.

 

2.3. Opaoa oeooe opao

 

poee aa oeooee aepa epapy, opa ape opyae pe; pyypa e oa e o peee. oye ooep a p poee ooee epe eye poo aape poeyp, oae oo epe.

p oooe oeooeoo aepaa eye ya ee ape opaa, aeo peapa, ao, ee opo yaeoo opaa, yo pae opaa.

yeye eo ooo po e oo oo oaae eyee po apoaoo ooo aepaa, o aeo ae oo oey epe. paoo eoa ooe aepao pee aa ya, yaa aaoe Δλ = 315...400. aopo, ea ooee, e ae a opae ooo oea eopae ape, o e o a apaoo aepaa. peee p peapoe ooe oeo oee oo ypaoeooo ye oe pe epy ea apye eooo ooa ea pe a [13]. yee o o e 380 e oye, a a opae eoee ao apye ee.

p peapoe oeo ya ypaoeoo a opaee eopoae a ao eeo ee (p. 2.1).

Ha epo ae ooo po oaa oe opa, eo o aepa peapeo yae, ae paae a a oo 5-25 . oa a opeee yoo aee peapo: yae ooa oee o opao, oae epoo opee p oe, ooae oee o opao oa eyoa p ee eoo pyyp. oyee opa y a apa pya yae epo o eoe apa, eoopy ao. aea oooa po poo aeo oee p oee ypaoeoo ao aaoo ye Δλ = 315..400. p ao oee e opoaa o popeae py oyoao-ey opay, opoaa o yy epoay, ypoay, oa o py, a apa aepao eo-oeoy. a apa aepao ya oepo oo o aypao e. aeee eee e apoaoo paea o poo oy eae ooo: peo, oo oaae oo ae [9].

ao oo ee e opoa o o ooe oy eoa aoee opae pae ooo eea, o peo yeae oo oe, aeoeee, paoyepo eoa, oae ooepo ea o oao yeo ee.

 

P. 2.1. eye o Y ee : a - poaa oo o ee, - aa oo o ee, poaa oo ypaoeoo ee, - aa oo ypaoeoo ee

 

epae apaep oeooe aepao a o aea opao a oepoe opao. aeeo ee epa apaepa oa eoa opao e apoao, yeye oeeoe eee eo ooaa: y eoa opao a ee o 1,6 o 2,4 pa. eoa oeooe oeo eooo oa oepo, a a o eooo yee ooaa popa, o ooeo ao p aae ee ao eo [14].

p ya e oe p oao eepaype ea eo ee yeae o aoy oy oeaoy [15].

eoae aopo opao ooe ee o oaao, o epae apaep, oyee o pa aaoe oo paa oeeo, p e aae a aoe ey ypoe eo ooa ee opeae opaa epeo aepe. Ha ooe a oo ea o o o, o epye aepa paooe opae epaoepo epyypo ooe aaoe ooe [14].

O, pooe e eoa paa a epae apaep, oaa, o aoee o eye opaa po ee ypo eo ye ee [15]. aee ee epa apaep e aae. opeee apaepa oee ee a, eye poe oee yoe eoa apae opoe ypo ao oee e poo ae.

o: ye pyyp ooe oeo, o oeooee oa, oo oo eo ooeeoo aaa, .. eoa oo aa pyypy opaa.

p poee eeoo aaa oeooeoo aepaa eye e a aeo eyeo oepo, o oyoeo eo aopa.

p oooe opao (o o) peye ya oepo aepaa eaee ape poe peapoy. p peapoe opao eye oa aea opo epe oepoe, ooeyeo oy aae eoopy ao eeo, apa, epooe. peapoy eye poo p oee ya ypaoeooo oee O-41.

a oaa peya eoa [14, 15], a aeee peya eeoo aaa e opea opaa popae epeo aep, ee ooa epe oepoe. epeee aop a oeee peya epe, a eo a ypoe ooa ye ee.

a, oye p eoa paa a epae apaep oeooe aepao, eoaoo oae a-o peoea o opo ao opao. opo o ee epo ee ya opao opoo paope pee ae aoe pao.


3. EOAHE MHEEH YAHHH OH O

 

3.1. epee pop

 

aee epeoo popa ooa epoyopep opa-02-aopaa, ooe epoepeo ooo, oeo popo oooo-oe yo. epoyopep o M ypa popa oeeee (O) PanoramaPro, peaae poee poaopae, epooo- epoyopepe, e- oee epe, a ae opeee epa apaep e oo ye.

Maeaea opaoa peyao epe oyee pea oaeoo popaoo oeee popa poya, eo peyope op peyao epe opa ASII a MS Exel papee .xls.

poee epa epe eooo pa y epae e epe oe popa. Paoee oe pe , oaa a p. 3.1.

Ha ae epee oo pa:

                   apoa (o oye, o pepa, pooe, epee yo);

                   apaep apoa ooe pa o;

                   pe aeaeo oppe.

p apoa o oye oopoaopa oye aa epa aao (o O o) a, a oopoaopa pepa ooy y o.

p apoa o pepa oopoaopa oye aa ooa y o, a oopoaopa pepa - epa aao (o O o) a.

p poo apoa oopeeo ee a o oye a o pepa. p o oepae oooe eee oopoaopa pepa ooeo apo oopoaopa oye.

ea oo ee oe aaa o aoepa, o opa aepa. apaepa apoa epa aao (o O o) a oopoaopa oye, a ae ea e ee oopoaopa pepa.

p apoa epee yo ae oopeeo ee a o oye, a o pepa. Oe oo o, o a epepo oopoaopa pepa oe e pa ay epepo oopoaopa oye.

 

 

P 3.1. Oo popa PanoramaPro, pe epae epe

 

apaepa epa aao (o O o) a oopoaopa oye epa aao (o O o) oopoaopa pepa. a oopoaopa pepa e ye ee aaoa apoa a oeo ao oopoaopa oye.

apaep ypee aae oeo eeap epe (e a), peya oop ye ype oa oo o paa. yeee apaepa ypee yeae ypoe ya, o pae ooe pe apoa.

apaep popa (yeo Y, aepa eo poa), yaoee p poee epee, aoa ae peyao. poopa peyopea aa apaep.

p eooo oop epee e e a ae apaepo oo oooa oo Yao.

p aa pao o oa peepoo paa oe oeoe e, oepaee y:

                   opoa ay opoa ae yep oea Windows eoo opae. ae oo a eo oye epoy ay.

                   opoa pa opoa ae yep oea Windows paeo opae.

                   o aya o aooo aya a peepo oepo. ep, oopoy pae ay, oaae a yepo pae, a a oe aya yaaae apep.

opao oye epo O PanoramaPro o ae Opaoa (p. 3.2) peoae ooo ooa eoop y opao oye a, yo aaa. pee PanoramaPro ep peae eoopo ye eo ye o o. o ooe poo pae oepa a y. He pee ooe oepa, ooae p opaoe oye a:

                   smooth(f) aaoe aae epa;

                   integral(f) oyee epao y epa;

                   integral(f, a, b) oyee eao y ea a aao oeye o o a o b.

 

 

3.2. Oo oa PanoramaPro, aa oaoa

 

aee oa ee a oeo ooa aaee e Adventurer AR2140 ( 3.3), ooe oo ee a eea 210 . oeo e oee 0,1 .

 

3.3. e aae eo Adventurer AR2140

 

oao oye eyao eoa aeaeo a ooa ae oo aea Maple, aaoa oae Waterloo Maple In.

 

3.2. Meoa ee

 

aee eye oao a oe o yao o oeoe e, XIV-XVI ., eoae aoaoe oeooeoo ooa aeooe aoo aee aao eoea MY. Oa oooe ooe eoo, oao o oo ae aoe ao.

ao aeaa oyoea oeae e o. oa, oa oa oyo, ao y oo: e ao ooo. ea e a aayeoo eea, o eo oa oeee oo oooe aae ae aaoo. ooa, ooea, aa ao aeaa ao oe oeae ee eooo.

aa ay aoao, ooa aae eeo oeo oae ye o; ay oao, aoy o eea aeo eee 10-5 ; ay, ay aooo, yeaey oeoo ee eea.

Meo ya aoee ae eoa oeee yo ao oea. aae o, o oeeey aey eea ya o ooo a o ao ey aao ao ao yoo oaa ao oeo a eyeo oee.

 

ao eea ao o oye (3.1).

 

(3.1)

 

 

e b y ae ae oe ya, oeeea o ao,

a aa yeoo aoo eea (aea).

a ao, eyeoo oya, eo oee oeoe oeae, e y ee o oye (3.2).

(3.2)

oeee ao o aeao e eye eo ya: eo ya o ooo a ay eeaye 105; eo ya aa ya; eo ya eeaye 130, eo eoo ya oao eeaye.

eoo ya oe ya a yaeoo eea ayae ee yeee, oyoaeoe ae oe oeo. a ooy ay oa a oe ee yay ay. a oao, eyae aaa oya a oaae: ay a aoo eea, oo a yae, ay yoo oaa a, oyey oe ya. oe a aa, oeea ae ae, aae ao eyeoo oya.

yeo e eea oee ee a eo oye ee oao. ae oa oee o, aoey oao oo, e ao eee y yo. o oe ee, oeoo a aae, oa yae o; oao a yaea aa, oe eo oee ooe ee. aee o yaa oao eeaye e. aee ee oo a 3, 4, 6, 9, 17 31 e.

 

3.3. eya ee

 

oee oee eea ao ee oye e ee oye (.3.4). aaa a yoo ooa aee eaa ea ee, eo e ea oo oo ee. oye ae ooa ey oee eooo oe aaoe aae ea oy oey PanoramaPro y aa smooth(). Ha ye 3.5 eae e ee oaa 1 yeo e ee oe aa.

 

 

3.4. e: 1 e oye, 2 e ee

 

3.5. eya aa ea ee oaa 1 yeo e

 

aoe eee ea ee ooo aaoe o Δλ = 440..580 . eoae ooo o aoy e eay.

eyae ee yeo e oye ae ooo ee a oao (a. 3.1).

 

aa 3.1

eya ee yeo e

Oae,

ea oo ye ee Φ, o.e.

Maa m,

1

664,20

9,3675

2

3204,00

14,1221

3

2719,50

11,9003

 

eya ee a eo oe yae oao o oao oo ee a. 3.2.

 

aa 3.2

eya ee oe yae oao o oo

Oae,

ea oo ye ee Φ, o.e.

Maa m,

1

320,25

10,0732

2

1544,84

15,0221

3

1202,45

12,5864

 

ae ooo Φ oaoa ooeo aa ae o oye (3.3) yoa eae a ae oye eyao.

 

, (3.3.)

 

e Φ,n oaoaoe aee ooa ye ee oaa n, Φ0,n aee ooa ye ee oaa n yeo e, Φn oayeoe aee ooa ye ee oaa n.

o oye (3.3):

 

ao oao yeo e a a 0%, .e. ae aa e yae aaoa aa, oa oo aea o e ao e.

o oye (3.1) aa ae yoe ao oao oe yae o oao oo:

 

 

oye a oo ea ey o: ao oao oe aa oae ee 6,14%, yoe eo ye ee y e oao ee a 53%.

eee 31 oa y e oao eeaye. eya oo ooa ye ee a oao ee aa 3.3 3.4.

aa 3.3

eya ee yoe eaoo ooa ye ee

Oae,

ea oo ye ee Φ, o.e.

e 0

e 2

e 3

e 4

e 6

e 9

e 17

e 31

1

664,20

320,25

762,20

1355,70

1418,00

1221,20

748,4

668,5

2

3204,00

1544,84

3676,74

6539,69

6680,02

6488,45

3610,17

3240,65

3

2719,50

1202,45

3120,75

5278,83

5708,21

5371,31

2964,25

2767,42

 

aa 3.4

eya ee a oao

Oae,

Maa m,

e 0

e 2

e 3

e 4

e 6

e 9

e 17

e 31

1

9,3675

10,0732

9,4923

9,4421

9,4058

9,3919

9,4025

9,4173

2

14,1221

15,0221

14,3443

14,2644

14,1923

14,1625

14,1804

14,1994

3

11,9025

12,5864

12,0894

12,0134

11,9633

11,9339

11,9490

11,9627

 

ae oaoa o oya (3.1) (3.3) yoa o aaa. oyee eya ee aa 3.5 3.6.

aa 3.5

Hoaoae eya ee

yoe eaoo ooa ye ee

Oae,

Hoaoa ea oo ye ee Φ, %

e 0

e 2

e 3

e 4

e 6

e 9

e 17

e 31

1

100,00

40,76

125,75

223,11

229,90

214,51

109,00

101,76

2

100,00

46,22

119,75

204,11

208,49

202,51

11,42

101,14

3

100,00

53,22

110,75

198,11

203,49

195,86

112,68

100,65

 

aa 3.6

eya aa yoe ao oao

Oae,

ea oo ye ee Φ, o.e.

e 0

e 2

e 3

e 4

e 6

e 9

e 17

e 31

1

0,00%

7,01%

1,31%

0,79%

0,41%

0,26%

0,37%

0,53%

2

0,00%

5,99%

1,55%

1,00%

0,49%

0,29%

0,41%

0,54%

3

0,00%

5,43%

1,55%

0,92%

0,51%

0,26%

0,39%

0,50%

 

o oye a ooe a aoe ooa ee o ee (. 3.6) yo ao o ee (. 3.7).

 

 

3.6. ao ooa ye ee o ee

 

 

3.7. ao yo ao o ee

 

eye oe eye a, eae aaa oye aoe:

                   yae oao eo ee ae ee a 53%, yae ee a 6,14%;

                   ya oo ee eo yeae oae aaoo ae a eo e eea ee oo oe aaoo a 213,96%;

                   oe eoa ao aee ooa aae a a 31 e ao a 101,18% o aaoo ae.

 

3.4. Maeaea oaoa oye eyao

 

oae eoea o aoe ya a eye aooa oyee ao ye. oo oye aaa aeaeo a ae oo aea Maple.

aoa e ya ae, oyee o eoo (o oea aa oo). yoa aoa ae ooa yee oao. Ha ye 3.8 eaea aayea yea ao.

 

 

3.8. Yea ao ooa ee o ee

 

o ay y, oy eeaaey aoa eoo ae aao. ye oa y, y eeoo oe, eo ooeo aaeo.

 

3.9. eeoa oe () eeao oyee ae (oee ea)

 

Aaea a eeoo oe:

 

(3.4)

 

oa yaee ee (3.4) aee ae x, oee eoeee (ae) ae a ey ee o aoa A o oye 3.4.

,

(3.5)

e A ea ee o aoa, Y eeao oyee ae ooa ee, eoeee (ae) ooa ee, n oeo ee.

 

 

e oa e oa ea ae 10%, oyey e oy oo a yoeoeo, eoaeo ee aae ae oa o ae a 2,5%.

Oe ao eeoo oe, oy e ea, aya ao oee aaye ee. F-e oea aea yae ee oo oee oe H0 o aeo eao yae ee. oea ao aeoe F eoe (aoe) Fa ae e ea, oooe oeee oooe (3.5) ae aoo (S2-S3) oaoo e (S1), aa a oy ee oo.

 

(3.6)

 

 

e F e ea, S = (S2-S3) aoa e, S1 oaoa e, n oeo ee, m o e aaeo eeoo oe.

y ooo e, aoe ae eae eya aa e ea, oa aa e oe 1. aaoe aee e ea:

F = 92,362.

eoe aee Fa ao o ae ae e ea a yoe ao α = 0,05 o eee oo k1 = 1, k2 = 2.

Fa = 18,5.

Fa o aao oooe aee e o e ya aoo a ee oo yoe ao.

Yoe ao α o eoo oey ay oey yo, o oa ea. E Fa < F, o H0 oea o yao oe yae ee ooe.

eyae aaa ooae aaaa aeaeo a oyeo yaee ee (3.4), aae 95% oo a eo a.

Ha ye 3.10 eae a eeoo oe a eae Δτ = 22..24 yo.

 

3.10. eeoa oe a yae Δτ =22..24

 

aa o, o y Y(x) ae aee 101% a 22o e eea. o ao eeoo oe oo oa eoea o oooe oao aa ee.

o: eyae eeo oye ae ooo ye a oao. o ya 3.8 oo ea eooee o aooeo e ooa ee eo, aa eo e. ea aeaeo a oyea eeoa oe, o oaa ao ee ooa. oeee ao oe ooa e ea, eoeye oao eooo oea a. oyeoe aee e ea ooe yea, o eeoa oe aa aae 95%. Aa ae y oaa, o yoe ooa ee y ya oao oaae ooy ae o oe 22-23 yo. oooe ee eoa oao oeooeoo aeaa, eeo o oa oo, ao o ao ee, eye ya oa e eee 22 yo oea eao, oea ooe ee ooa ee.


4. OHOMEA A

 

4.1. eeoo eoa

 

ao oyeo, oee oa aa, ee eeoo oo aa, e ooee o oae aa o ooy eaa oy o oe ooa ao eyao, yae o aooooe (oaoee aea 552 o 5.08.1992. ea 1999.). ooe , eeoo oy eae oo ooy oey oye oee ooa o eyo, , aeao, oa, e, oo oo, yo eyo y aa a e ooo eaa.

oaoee oeee a oa aa, a oo yea. eoo o aa eyoe oa (), .e. eeoo oo a aee aa, o e e oao.

oa aa, ae eeoo:

      aa, eoeeo ae eooe oeo ooe oy, o e aa a aea, oeye, ao e;

      aa a oooy ooee ooa, o oo o yae, e oy e eaaea eoo ooa;

      aa aaoo aaea, ae oeeoae eoo yyee aea oy;

      aa o oya ooa, o e o oeee eo , aeaa, oe ao o oea oo y aoe oo;

      aa o oa oa yo ya o ee eoao;

      eye aa, ae oooa ooye;

      oe aa.

      aa, ae yaee ooo, oeae yae, a oao;

aeo eeoo ae ya oep o paa, apa a aa peo oyae poy apa poo, oep o pooe o yppooe pa, eoaa aepa eoe p oy o , apa o oee pea paoa o e pep, a paoa, ooe pep eo peopaae, opaee eo. e apa, yaee eeoo apy pa ooa. ao e aa o eea apa o a ay. O aoooe aa.

 

4.2. ay eeoo

 

Pae eeoo o eea apa eoo, .. ooe oe e apa, yaee eeoo o oey a opeee epo. o eooo, o eoaoo, .. p ao aa apa e oe, aa a oa a eooe poe, a aa a ypaee oyae pooa. ooy pee a aa oy pae eeoo o a ay.

Oeo ay oe ea poy pao, opeee poy pao, poee a a epo a pep opaee.

ao yae apa, aee eeoo, apy yeo apaepa, ea ooe, eooe poeo.

oo epee ae ay ae:

      apa a ooe aepa;

      apa a oye oyapa oeye;

      apa a oo eooe ee;

      apa a ep eooe ee;

      ooa apaoa aa oo pooe pao;

      ooea apaoa aa oo pooe pao;

      oe a oae y o apaoo a oo pooe pao;

      pao a oepae oopyoa;

      pao a ooee oo poy;

      oeeoe pao;

      oep o paa;

      oeaoe pao;

      poe pooee pao (ya e pey 13 ae aoa pooea eeoo);

      epooee pao (ya e ae oa eeoo);

      poe pao.

apa a poeee epe aa apa a apey popo eye oeo, paoe aepa popaoe oeeee. apa a popeee eye oeo e yy ye, a a peoae MY, oepeo eao. Oe ep a e a e apaoy ay. pa oy ae oo apa a epoep. Pae pee a. 4.1, 4.2, 4.3.

Pae apa a apaoy ay ye poo o ey oopae:

1) pae oa ayoo pyooe poo o oaa 40000 py. a 36 pao ao ee;

2) pae oa yea poo o yoo poo oaa 18000 py. a 40 pao ao ee.

apa a epoep oy eae pae apaa a eoaey yaoy -a oo, o e epe a opa-02-aopaa poo eoe pe yo e o eooo a e oee.

 

aa 4.1

Pae apa a popeee popa oey

o apa

oeo, .

oo, py.

eo, py.

OPA-02-aopaa

1

435 000

435 000

Hoyy Lenovo

1

17 000

17 000

popaoe oeeee Panorama Pro

1

19 900

19 900

paa oooo oe ya

1

20 000

20 000

ae epoyopepa oepo

1

340

340

oo, py. 491 340

 

aa 4.2

Pae apa a apaoy ay

opy

oo 1-o aa pao

oeo ao

eo, py.

Haee a o oa pya (30,5%)

... a. aepo O eo M..

1000

40

40000

824

ye opyo ..

200

110

22000

420

oo, py.

62000

 

 

aa 4.3

Pae apa a epoep

Oe opee

opeea oo,

oeo ao

apaea oo,

yapa oo yeo apa a epoep (4,67p a 1)

OPA-02-aopaa

40

110

4400

20,5

Hoyy Lenovo

40

110

4400

20,5

oo, py.

41

 

o: paa oe apa a popeee epeoo oopyoa, epoep poeee eoa. yape apa oa 567408 p. Ooy a eeoo (97%) oaa oo popee epoyopepa opa-02-aopaa eoo oey. apa a apaoy ay ayoo pyooe yea oa 62000 p. Paoa a epoep oo peepe, .. epe poo p eo ee e aeoa oee oee, a apa a oay epoep a OPA-02-aopaa oyy, yeo apa 4,76p a 1, oa 41 p.


5. EOAHO OOHO PAO

 

5.1. Aa aopo oe ypaoeooo, oo papaoo ye a eoea

 

p paoe oo ye eooo ya e oeoo ye a opa pe oe opo eoea. Oo oe aa a oooeo oe ye oo po o aaoe (oop, oeeo), a oooeo oe ye oo eo ypaoeoo papao aaoa (Y- eoe oo). oa ye aepa yaoa (yee aepa a aa), eee poooo aea e, oeae oeee [13].

Paa eye aop, o oop a oee ye a eoee opa:

      epeea o;

      a o ye;

      oa oyaeoo yaa;

      aoa oope eo yo.

Y yee - o epoae o o o 0,0136... 0,4 . Paa p yaa epa Y ye, eeo pay ooey ao. Y yee o o 0,4...0,315 ee aoe ooeoe oee, Y y aaoe 0,315...0,28 oaa oe oee a oy, Y yee o o 0,28...0,2 oaae aep ee.

o eoao oo a ye peae oao opaa eoea. oee a oy o o Y ye ae oe aoea - epa. opae yao ee oeo, oya ee y. p oe oe o Y ye a epay epy ey apaep eye o aoea: ooa o, ooa, ooopyee, oee eepayp ea, yeea yoeo, epoe oyee . [13].

Y y o o eee 0,32 , ey a a, a aoeae, aaeoe epooae. eoe ye a aao a oo aoea oyae ey o yo ea aa, yyee pe, ooy o. aoeae opooae o eooee, a oa eoo opaee poo. Oo po poo (epe 1..2 ), e e pooae oee Y ye.

Y yee apaepye o ee a opa: oo opo, oao epeoye, pyo - eo eooo opaoo yopoa opaa eoea, ooy Y y a yopo oo ooe poeo. Haoee paeoe poee "ypaoeoo eoaoo" - aao, p oopo apya oopo-ae oe poe oeopaoa, a ae poo ee a o opaa o py aoea [6].

p oppoa oy o Y oye ya eooo opae p oe o e o o e pe oeeee eoo o peopae "ypaoeoo eoaoo".

Oea Y oye poo o ee peo o. aepoe ee Y ye, .e. ooo ya oeeope po, a o o. Y y o o 0,334 oaa aep eo, 1000 pa o, e Y y o o 0,4 . Maa aep e e y o o 0,254...0,257 . Oea aepoo e poo ea, aae aa. oeee aepoo ea oa Y ye oa e eee 50 */2.

yee - yee o o peea 0,76...420 . yee eeppye ape eo, eepaypa oopoo opeee eo ep yaeo epoao ep.

Hapee ea, ee eepaypy e 100 , oo opoooooo papaoo ye (0,7...9 ). yeee eepayp apeoo ea (50...100 ) yee apaepye ooo ooo epo.

ao o o ee poaa ooo ye. Haoy poay ooo ee opoooooe papaoe yee (0,76...1,4 ), oopoe ooo poa a eoeeoo ea a yy eoo aepo. y ooooo aaoa aepa oepo o o.

oa poaa ooo opoooooo ye ae eopeeoe oee a eo ae opa eoea (a ooe ooo, ooy a ..), ooy yeye oao eo oe [12].

oee ye oe o oa. Ooa pea opaa a oyee - eee eepayp oyae yae yao ea. p oooo ye oae eepaypa oepo ea, a p opooooo - ee eepaypa e, oooo oa, oe .. aeoe eee oe eepayp ea (1,5...2 ) poo oo p oye ya oo eo. oey a ooy a opoooooe yee, ae a aae "oe yap". eoe p o oyae ooy o, ooopyee, yaee ya a, oeee aa, apyee oopa e, oep oa.

p oe a a aoy oao peae opoooooe yee. oooe oee oe ye a aa - oee papao aapa.

oeaa oao oye oeae o ee oo ep ye. y e ey oy oppoa oyo oyeo a pao ea, oopa e oa pea 350 /2. p o opaae eepaypa ape oepoe. E eepaypa oa ea e peae 373 (100 ), o oepo oopyoa oa e eepaypy e oee 308 (35 ), a p eepaype oa e 373 (100 ) - e oee 318 (45 ) [14].

oe yee. Hao epe pea opo oe a a ye oo po ae oeeo, pe oop yoee.

ea aooa a oy po yoe. e eo yoe opa a oe aa pee, aoe a pao 0,25 - 0,30 . o paoe aae oa paoe.

oo e e e yao ypoe o peyae peepo oeeo, oaaeo a pae aae, peepo po o pae po aaa aa eo. ee yeo opaa pe peyae opaeoo yoo e eo aa oeeo. p ope oeeoo pep oeeo po opepoa a aoee yy y pe - opay yeo.

H paa aaoa 10 /2 opeee eo ype, oao oopoy yeee po o pe oae yeo opooooo oa epa, .e. e - oeoo yeae oooo, .e. eo-pao. ep paa L=100 /2 opeee e ee oa ye [12].

 

5.2. aa o oe ye

 

p paoe oo ye pa oae epa eoo epop, oeeae ay opaa o pe oe ye.

p paoe yee eooo oa eye paa:

e eoo e eooo oa ae y pe opa 30;

e epeaaa aa po o aaa oa rap pae paa po o pe epe popa (o aae eo oe);

e yoeo aa oe e eeo oe e oo a oeo (oo oo e, ee eo-ee).

o aoe oa Y ye eooo ooa oye o ye; a oopeeoe oee a oy aa o o ye.

p paoe oa ye opa pe a o epeoye eoo ee o ee oo ooa ep ope yo pao.

ee oao oe yee, oo eye: ee eo ye oa, aoe papoae oa paoeo ea, ooae pe yao a, eeo-poaee epop.

Ooe epop, apaee a ee oao oe yee, oo eye:

1. ee eo ye oa oae opo eooeoo oopyoa, oeeaeo ae ye, aeo yape eooe e opee, paoao oooo oopyoa, oo oopo oeeae y ape oepoe.

Haoee papopae pea a o ye ypoa, ooeye aa peeo O 12.4.123-83; ypoa opae a opaee, epepye, eoopye, pea e, a ae aoaeoo opo aa.

2. Opaee ypoa - o opy, opaae oo epoa o peopaye ep ye eoy, oopa oo ooae opy eea aoo ypoa. ooe opoa p e opae ypo.

pepo opaa opae ypo opy, ooe oo eo a, oope paee apaeo aopo. Oaee a oyee eee pye ooo. oo ypo opaa yae oepo paoee eo oepaopa. oaa ye o e ee, ape aepao, a ae opae a oepaopo oy opoae a a oo 1...1,5 , yaaaee aopo 25...30 . opoe poe opaa o ea, yaoe aopo 20...30 .

3.  oaa ye o ape e op poeo ee oe oye oo pao eaeoo a; ypaeo aopa py, o oop o aopo e oa. Aao e oae oo ypoa, ooeo ap aoo, oope yepoa oeyop aepaa. Oaee oo paa oyee oooyo e.

pa oy ooe eaeo e oee eae ee, eo opoae oo. ea oye papoa ape poyo epepao, a e - papoa op poeo ee. eoo peopaoa ep ye eoy yaae opy oo ooo aea, epyo epo . Oo ooaeoo ea poo oyo, oya ooa pa.

4.                opoae pea a oy opaaeo-op (epoppoa ae ), ooeo-op (pyeo oae op eoopy aepa) opaaeo-eo (ooe eoopaaeoe eoooaee eo, yaoeoe oyo pooo oaee).

5.                pea yao a o oe P ye peaae a a, a oepo ea. a a a oy o o eopa .

6.                eeo-poae epop peyapa opaa paoaoo pea pya oa.

 

o: paope pae ye, ae a Y, , oe yee oe, oope o oaa a eoee opa.

oee a oy o o Y ye ae oe aoea, p oe a epy ey oy o ooe o, ooa, ooopyee.

oee ye oe o oa. Ooa pea opaa a oyee - eee eepayp oyae yae yao ea. p oe a a aoy oao peae opoooooe yee. oooe oee oe ye a aa - oee papao aapa.

oe yee aoee oao p oe a aa. ye oo po oy a oeeo, pe oop yoee.

ae paope eooe epop oyee eoao p paoe a a ye.

p paoe oa Y ye eooo oppoa oye o ye; a oopeeoe oee a oy aa o o ye.

ee oao oe yee, oo eye: ee eo ye oa, aoe papoae oa paoeo ea, ooae pe yao a, eeo-poaee epop.

p paoe yee eooo ea eoo e , ae oa ae y pe opa 30 ea oe a aa ye oo po.

 

AEHE

 

oa a peae oo oo aepa, oo opae eopae oee. a oee oo epoa p oye yee e ypaoeoo e o aaoe. ee oyoea ae aoo oao, o peee peepea eaypa epaea.

ee aa ooe poo aeee oeee eoa pyyp oeooe aepao e oaa papyaeo oe a opa. p poee oeeoo eeoo aaa eye ya aeo yo pae opao, a a ape aa, oepae a eyeo oepo opaa, a epae apaep.

poee eoopa epe eye papaoa eoy ooo opao eeoy aay, yay aeo eaeo opao, yo pae paoppo opao.

ye pyyp ooe oeo, o oeooee oa, oo oo eo ooeeoo aaa, .. eoa oo aa pyypy opaa.

p poee eeoo aaa oeooeoo aepaa eye e a aeo eyeo oepo, o oyoeo eo aopa.

p oooe opao (o o) peye ya oepo aepaa eaee ape poe peapoy. p peapoe opao eye oa aea opo epe oepoe, ooeyeo oy aae eoopy ao eeo, apa, epooe. peapoy eye poo p oee ya ypaoeooo oee O-41.

a oaa pea eoa [14, 15], a aeee pea eeoo aaa e opea opaa popae epeo aep, ee ooa epe oepoe. epeee aop a oeee pea epe, a eo a poe ooa e ee.

a, oe p eoa paa a epae apaep oeooe aepao, eoaoo oae a-o peoea o opo ao opao. opo o ee epo ee a opao opoo paope pee ae aoe pao.

. 3.8 , . , . , . , 95%. , 22-23 . , , , 22 , .

cc p pp p p, pp p cc. Cp p cc 567408 p. c c ccc (97%) cc cc pp cppp p-02-p . p p p c cc 62000 p. Pc pp pp, .. p pc p c c c , p pp P-02-p , c p 4,76p 1, cc 41 p.

pccp p , , , c, p c p.

c , p c p cc c , , p.

c . c p p - pp c . p c cc pc p . cc c - ppc p.

c p c . pc cc, p cp .

pccp pp cc cc p p c .

p p c c pp c ; c p c .

C cc c , cc c: c cc c, pp c p c, c cpc , -pc pp.

p p c c , c p p 30 c pc.

 

 

1

, . 3.3

K:=matrix([[x, 6, 9, 17, 31], [y, 214, 202, 111, 101]]);with(plots):l := [[ K[1,n], K[2,n]] $n=2..5]:P:=48*x*exp(-.0112*(x+2.49)^2)+100:

plot([l,P],x=6..31,style=point,symbol=circle);P:=unapply(P,x):S[1]:=(K[2,2]-P(6.))^2+(K[2,3]-P(9))^2+(K[2,4]-P(17))^2+(K[2,5]-P(31))^2;A:=abs(K[2,2]-P(6.))/K[2,2]+abs(K[2,3]-P(9))/K[2,3]+abs(K[2,4]-P(17))/K[2,4]+abs(K[2,5]-P(31))/K[2,5]:A:=(A/4)*100;

Warning, the name changecoords has been redefined

 

 

 

S[1]:=(K[2,2]-P(6.))^2+(K[2,3]-P(9))^2+(K[2,4]-P(17))^2+(K[2,5]-P(31))^2;S[2]:=(K[2,2])^2+(K[2,3])^2+(K[2,4])^2+(K[2,5])^2;S[3]:=(K[2,2]+K[2,3]+K[2,4]+K[2,5])^2/4;S:=S[2]-S[3]-S[1]; F:=S*(4-2)/223.10;

 

> plot(48*x*exp(-.0112*(x+2.49)^2)+100, x=23..24);

 

 

1.     . ., . . [] / .. "- " 2010. 68 .

2.     . ., . . [] / - 1998. 194 .

3.     . / . . M.: M, 1986, 496 .

4.     . . [] / .. , .. / /, 1991. - .104.

5.     . .  . []/ .., ..   .: , 1978.  95 .

6.     . ., . ., . M. // . 2015. 3 . . 81-86; URL:  http://goo.gl/GTtX3J ( : 24.12.2015).

7.     .. .. , . . . M.: , 1987, 223 .

8.     , . .    []/ . . , . . // M . 2008. 12. . 56-61.

9.     M, . .  // M : - . . 5. 2006.   . 4 [ ] URL: http://goo.gl/VZRlkt. : 15.12.2015.

10.           M . . , // 2011135440/05. 27.02.2013. . 16.

11.           . .  . []/ .. , ..    M.: -, , 2000. 639 .

12.           ., . , . .. ,. 2, M., 2003.

13.           . . . [] / .. / - M.: 2001.-324.

14.           . M. // M : - . − . 14. − 2015. − . 1

15.           . . // M : - . − . 14. − 2015. − . 2

 

THE STUDY OF LUMINESCENCE CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDRATED BONE SECTIONS

Gorbunov I. V.


In the final qualifying work analyzes different factors that have influenced the luminescence osteological material, describes the main stages of preparation of the material to the research: collecting material, processing, storage. The developed method of preparation of bone thin sections for fluorescent studies, the investigation of the dependence of the spectral characteristics from the hygroscopic moisture of the sample. Simulated regression model describing the flux of luminescence during drying of the sample. The results of this work can be useful to specialists in the field of anatomy, archaeology, forensic medicine, and also in the field of fluorescent analysis of osteological materials. Settlement-explanatory note contains 69 pages, 15 figures, 9 tables.

Key words: luminescence, spectral characteristics, bone cone, bone hygroscopic humidity of the sample.

 

meff34@gmail.com

 

Ȼ

.

16.02.2016.